Allergic reaction symptoms vary from moderate seasonal ones to serious ones that trigger life-threatening side effects.
People may have allergy symptoms to lots of things, such as different food items, medicines, and allergy injection therapy.
Milk products, chicken eggs, wheat or grain, soy products, nuts, tree nuts, seafood, are major food items that generally cause allergic reactions.
Whether you have a severe or mild allergic reaction, you have to know the right response to your reaction to decrease your irritation and save your life.
Treating A Mild Allergic Reaction
Know About Allergic Reactions
It’s likely that you first discover your sensitivity by having an unexpected allergic attack.
It may be very difficult to identify these signs and symptoms if you have never had any reaction before, but finding out the symptoms to look for can help you take the proper steps that can save your life.
The following signs and symptoms are considered moderate and do not require unexpected emergency.
Moderate symptoms, on the other hand, can develop into a more severe reaction, therefore keep track of your condition for at least sixty minutes after these types of symptoms show up.
- Sneezing and minor breathing problems
- Watery, scratchy, and reddish eyes
- A drippy nose
Itchiness Or Inflammation On Your Skin
Normally this will develop into hives.
Hives are inflamed, scratchy puffy areas on your skin – they may differ in size from small lumps to big welts measuring a few inches (cm) in diameter.
Use an Over the Counter Antihistamine
For moderate allergic reactions with symptoms which don’t develop, an antihistamine is usually the only cure you will need.
There is a wide variety that you should select from. Also, it would be a good idea to keep some in your house all the time in case of allergic reactions.
Always use these medicines as trademarks indicate:
This is generally recommended for allergic reactions including hives because it is effective.
It can be used without or with meals, and you have to drink a glass of water with each serving. Don’t go above 300mg within a 24-hour time or you run the risk of over dosing. Remember that Benadryl triggers sleepiness, therefore be careful while driving or operating machines.
In case you experience sleepiness, avoid these activities.
This is usually used to deal with seasonal allergic reactions and hay nausea; it is usually helpful against hives.
It can be used without or with meals. It generally doesn’t cause sleepiness, but it’s still a potential side effect, therefore keep an eye on your condition before traveling or operating machines.
Ordinarily, Claritin should only be used once daily.
A normal serving is 5-10mg on a daily basis, without or with meals. A possible side effect is bafflement or bothered alertness, therefore be cautious while driving when using Zyrtec.
This should be taken on an empty belly, at least one hour before or a couple of hours after a mealtime.
It’s also wise to drink plenty of water while taking Allegra, because fruit drinks may interact with the allergy medication. Like various other antihistamines, it can trigger sleepiness.
Additionally, there are prescription-strength types of this allergy medication.
Engage with your medical professional about which medicine would be perfect for you. Some people have allergic reaction symptoms or breathing difficulties to certain substances. Therefore you need to make sure the medicine is harmless for you to take.
Cure Hives and Skin Irritation with An OTC Hydrocortisone
Hydrocortisone helps in reducing the inflammation and itchiness associated with hives.
There are a variety of brand and lotions made up of hydrocortisone which are easily available at pharmacies. Check all medicine tags to make sure that any anti-itch product you are looking for has hydrocortisone.
You can also find prescription-strength types of hydrocortisone ointment. If an Over the counter product does not relieve your symptoms of allergies, ask health care provider about getting an allergy medication for a better dose.
Some important points to consider:
- You can even use a cold hand towel to hives if you do not have access to hydrocortisone ointment.
- Keep an eye on your allergic reaction symptoms for a couple of hours after the reaction starts.
- Allergy symptoms may start anywhere from five minutes to sixty minutes after you came in exposure to the allergen.
- Moderate symptoms may possibly develop into a more severe reaction.
- If at any stage you feel bouts of dizziness, soreness in your throat and mouth, or trouble respiration, contact Emergency Services without delay.
- If puffiness hinders your respiratory tract, you could possibly asphyxiate in a few minutes.
Contact an Allergist
When your symptoms of allergies vanished away, plan a scheduled appointment with an allergist.
The allergist will examine you to find out exactly what activated your allergic attack and will recommend medicine or give you allergies injections to help control your symptoms.
The Treatment of a Severe Allergic Reaction Symptoms
Keep in Mind the Possible Risk Of Anaphylaxis
An allergic reaction can be so extreme that they’re deadly because of their effects on respiration and blood flow. This ailment is known as anaphylaxis, and the Red Cross recommends that it has to be treated first due to the continued speed and intensity of the reaction.
In case you have some helpers at the scene, ask someone else contact emergency services while you deal with possible anaphylaxis, in any other case, you see warning signs of severe symptoms, do not delay treatment.
Be Aware of Severe Symptoms of Allergies
Depending on your allergic reaction, the reaction may start with moderate symptoms and steadily grow more severe, or symptoms start pretty much immediately.
If you feel any of the symptoms, you will have anaphylaxis which requires immediate care.
Serious symptoms of allergies include puffiness of the lip area, mouth, or neck, a suffocating feeling, coughing, drop in blood pressure levels, weak heartbeat, swallowing, chest aches, vomiting and nausea, lightheadedness, and unconsciousness.
Make use of an EpiPen in case you have one. EpiPen is an electronic device which injects epinephrine, and it is used to cure anaphylaxis.
How to use EpiPen?
- Use the EpiPen and hold it from the center firmly with the red
- Remove its cap, which is in blue color.
- Put the orange tip on your outer side of the thigh.
- You don’t need to take off your trousers; the needle will nip through your clothes.
- Snugly push the orange tip on your leg.
- This will push out a needle which inserts the dosage of epinephrine.
- Keep hold of the injector for ten seconds to make sure that the full dose gets into your body.
- Take out the EpiPen and keep it in your bag or purse, so clinical staff knows what size of a dose you had.
- Thoroughly and softly massage the area for ten seconds to flow the medicine.
- If the EpiPen is old, you can still apply it. The potency will be reduced
Call Emergency Services
Call the local emergency service without delay and make sure to inform the operator that you have allergic reaction symptoms. Do not risk traveling yourself to the emergency room- the paramedics will give you epinephrine to stop the allergic reaction.
After you get the epinephrine, you’ll still have to seek clinical help.
The epinephrine may disappear after 10-20 minutes, and the hypersensitive reaction will start again. Either visit the hospital or call 911 to get further medical attention.
Get in Touch with An Allergist
After getting medical treatment and your allergic attack passes, plan a scheduled appointment with your allergist.
He’ll examine you to find out what caused your allergic attack and may recommend prescription medication, an EpiPen, or allergic reaction shots to help cope with your symptoms.
Finding the Allergist
See an Allergist in Your Town
You may ask your primary health practitioner for a recommendation.
If you reside in the US, you can browse the American University of Allergy, Bronchial asthma, and Immunology institution list for a board-certified specialist.
Create a log of all things you were working on when you experienced the hypersensitivity.
In some cases, the main cause of your reaction will be apparent. In case, suppose, you ate a peanut, and after ten minutes you had anaphylaxis, there’s a pretty clear offender. If on the other hand, you went for a stroll outside the house and felt a hypersensitive reaction, you will find a large number of contaminants in the air that triggered the attack.
To help the specialist, note down everything you could remember about your events leading the reaction:
- What food did you eat?
- Exposure to something?
- Where have you been?
- What types of medicines did you use?
All these questions will certainly help the allergist figure out the main cause of your allergic reaction.
Get Your Skin Tested
After discussing with you and receiving your history, the allergist will most likely start a skin test to find out what causes your sensitivity.
After a skin examination, there will be several potential substances is placed on your skin, quite often with a minor prick of your skin. After twenty minutes, if you’re sensitive to any substance, a reddish, itchy lump will show up. This indicates to your allergist that this element is causing your allergic reaction, and he will certainly cure you accordingly.
Get A Blood Test If Required
In some cases, the allergist may also order an allergic reaction blood test.
This will take place because you take prescription medication that could damage your skin test, you will have a skin ailment, or your allergist may just want affirmation of the allergic reaction with another test.
Your blood tests are generally done in a laboratory and take a couple of days to give a report.
Have an EpiPen Prescription
If the reaction is not intense, you need to ask the allergist for a recommendation for an EpiPen.
Your symptoms of allergies may be even worse the very next time you have an infection, and getting an EpiPen could effortlessly save your valuable life.
Controlling the Allergic Reaction Symptoms
Steer Clear of The Causes
After visiting your allergist, you will likely know about what elements or chemicals cause allergy symptoms.
With this particular understanding, you have to do all you can to prevent your allergen. In some cases, this is easy, like if you’re hypersensitive to a specific food.
In other cases, like if your family dog causes symptoms of allergies, this is not so easy.
Since the theory is that anything could cause a hypersensitivity, there is not a single rule to be able to avoid causes. But some visible allergy types have normal prevention procedures.
Be Careful While Preparing Food
If you’re sensitive to particular food items, check food labels to make sure that the allergen is not in food you are buying.
In some cases, common substances are not listed on product labels, therefore discuss with the allergist or even a nutritionist if you’re in any way unclear about something.
Always advise staff in a restaurant about your allergy to prevent cross-contamination.
Eliminate Airborne Dirt and Dust in Your House
If you’re allergic to airborne debris, remove carpets, especially where you sleep at night.
Thoroughly clean the house on a regular basis with a vacuum cleaner, and put on a dust mask on your face while doing so. Make use of mite-proof bedding and cushion covers and clean all bed linen frequently with warm water.
Take The Medicine as Instructed
The allergist may advise one or more allergy medication to cure the allergic reactions.
These may range from over the counter antihistamines to doctor prescribed adrenal cortical steroids. Whatever medicinal drugs the allergist advises, take them as per schedule as he recommends. This helps take control of your allergic reactions and reduce the chances of a severe attack.
Take Allergy Injections
Some things that trigger allergies are treatable with allergy injections, or immunotherapy.
This process slowly desensitizing your body to the particular allergen while inserting small dosages of it.